logo

History

That the town of Mexico was said to have been founded in the year 1581?

In the book of a certain Fr. Buzeta, conquerors arrived in this town in small boats coming from the south landing in a bushy place now called San Jose Matulid.

But according to Augustininan records, the town was probably founded earlier in 1581 or 10 years after colonizers entered Manila Bay. It was originally named Novo Mexico or New Mexico.

That with the advent of roads and railroads, economic activities of the town were affected thus the City of San Fernando, which was once a sitio of Mexico benefited from the development. San Fernando was carved out of the vast lands of Mexico town. Also, a great part of Angeles City was formerly a barrio of Mexico that goes by the name San Angelo.

That the conquerors went up further the river looking for a place to settle until they reached to what is now called Parian? It is where the town proper stood today. They then saw a man rubbing their elbows and asked him what was he doing. The man said “mesicu cu pu” (my elbow was hit).

It was also believed that the town was also named Mexico because of its rivers have many bends or “sico-sico”.

That some believed that the name of Mexico town was named such due to the influx of the Philippines’ good trade relations with the country Mexico and other Spanish-influenced countries?

That some believed that the town Mexico derived its name from the abundance of Chico trees due to the town’s rich fresh water source and fertile grounds?

That others believed that the assignment of catholic priests and soldiers from Mexico to the Philippines might have influenced the naming of the town’s name?

That in the year 1660, a valiant warlord and leader Francisco Maniago of Mexico town led the kapampangans in revolting against Spain? The uprising was caused by the kapampangans’ love for freedom and response against the oppression of then Spanish authorities.

That in June 1897, a Filipino General by the name Maximino Hizon of Mexico town organized a revolution against Spain? He called thousands of men armed with bolos to attack San Fernando where a Spanish General named Monet was based. Sensing this, the latter promised General Hizon autonomy to the town if they would put down their arms. The revolutionaries didn’t believe this until General Monet was forced to fled somewhere to what is now Macabebe town.

Many gallant men who fought a number of revolutions against Spain were from Mexico? A thousand more joined different eras of war during the Japanese occupation, many joining Hukbalahaps and other armed groups fighting against tyranny and for government reforms. A notable socialist and freedom fighter was Rodolfo Salas alias Kumander Bilog became prominent during the Marcos rule.

That many prominent kapampangan families such as Bondoc, Canals, Cunananm Dizon, Hizon, Inventor, Jimenez, Lacandola, Laus, Laxamana, Lazatin, Lising, Lorenzo, Lumba, Makabali, Manalang, Maniago, Meneses, Nuqui, Ocampo, Panlilio, Padilla, Pinpin, Punsalan, Quioc, Salas, Sampang and many others trace their roots from Mexico town?

That from the year 1863 to 1865, a missionary school was built and established in the town. Teachers came from the best educators from Manila teaching ABCs, religious mysteries, catechism and prayers?

That during the old times, there is a Market Day set for the week wherein traders from Malabon, Meycauayan and Guadalupe which were all then established towns? Rivers then were navigable and were used as highways by traders and travelers riding in cascos and bancas? From the nearby provinces of Nueva Ecija and Tarlac came in carts drawn by ox or horses with lots of goods for trade.

That the mode of transportation then was by rivers? Rivers then were deep and wide, a fact that makes them navigable until they were made silted with sand and other materials that made them shallow. Fluvial traffic also slowed down with the construction of roads and railways.

That Church heritage experts believe that the Chapel in Barangay San Jose Matulid is the oldest existing church in Pampanga? There are however many among others, older churches in the province which were either destroyed, ruined or replaced with the present structures.

That the river fronting this chapel was originally named Sapang Matulid? The name of the Barangay was probably named after the river but was renamed later by Spanish Christianization into San Jose Matulid.